Low GC in Java: Using primitives
OverviewIn a recent article I examined how using primitives and collections which support primitives natively instead of Wrappers and standard collections can reduce memory usage and improve performance.
Different way to have a Map of int/IntegerThere are a number of ways you can use int/Integer and a number of collections you store them in. Depending on which approach you use can have a big difference on the performance and the amount of garbage produced.
|Test||Performance Range||Memory used|
|Use Integer wrappers and HashMap||71 - 134 (ns)||53 MB/sec|
|Use int primitives and HashMap||45 - 76 (ns)||36 MB/sec|
|Use int primitives and FastMap||58 - 93 (ns)||28 MB/sec|
|Use int primitives and TIntIntHashMap||18 - 28 (ns)||nonimal|
|Use int primitives and simple hash map||6 - 9 (ns)||nonimal|
These tests were run on my new system.