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Showing posts from July, 2014

### Compounding double error

Overview In a previous article, I outlined why BigDecimal is not the answer most of the time.  While it is possible to construct situations where double produces an error, it is also just as easy to construct situations were BigDecimal get an error. BigDecimal is easier to get right, but easier to get wrong. The anecdotal evidence is that junior developers don't have as much trouble getting BigDecimal right as they do getting double with rounding right.  However, I am sceptical of this because in BigDecimal it is much easier for an error to go unnoticed as well. Lets take this example where double produces an incorrect answer. double d = 1.00; d /= 49; d *= 49 * 2; System.out.println("d=" + d); BigDecimal bd = BigDecimal.ONE; bd = bd .divide(BigDecimal.valueOf(49), 2, BigDecimal.ROUND_HALF_UP); bd = bd.multiply(BigDecimal.valueOf(49*2)); System.out.println("bd=" + bd); prints d=1.9999999999999998 bd=1.96 In this case, double loo

### If BigDecimal is the answer, it must have been a strange question.

Overview Many developers have determined that BigDecimal is the only way to deal with money.  Often they site that by replacing double with BigDecimal, they fixed a bug or ten.  What I find unconvincing about this is that perhaps they could have fixed the bug in the handling of double and that the extra overhead of using BigDecimal. My comparison, when asked to improve the performance of a financial application, I know at some time we will be removing BigDecimal if it is there. (It is usually not the biggest source of delays, but as we fix the system it moves up to the worst offender) BigDecimal is not an improvement BigDecimal has many problems, so take your pick, but an ugly syntax is perhaps the worst sin. BigDecimal syntax is an unnatural. BigDecimal uses more memory BigDecimal creates garbage BigDecimal is much slower for most operations (there are exceptions) The following JMH benchmark demonstrates two problems with BigDecimal, clarity and performance. The